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Foundation Science - Understanding Foundations, Drains and Excavation

Tony Alfano, Project Engineer/Planner for New Jersey and New York City for Ground Works Solutions, has been elected the newest Chair of COPR for the American Society of Civil Engineers(ASCE) New Jersey Section. A strong advocate for cost-effective solutions to engineering and construction, Tony is widely recognized as an authority in his field with over 40 years of experience. As a planner and engineer for numerous firms and agencies, he has developed many practical solutions for engineering and construction problems. He currently serves as a consultant to several New Jersey companies, focusing on waterfront projects.

"CPRI is an organization with which I am very familiar," says Tony. "I serve on their board of directors and they are very supportive of ground works projects. They provide technical information that engineers across the nation can use when deciding how to design and build their foundation structures." According to Tony, "the reason for the appointment of Tony to be the new Chair of CPRI is that he has taken a leadership role in the organization by leading our team in a more efficient and economical manner." As a result of his efforts to restructure the way foundations are constructed and planned, the productivity of the construction project has significantly increased. Be sure to discover more here!

Many construction projects have multiple phases. In some cases, there are only a few components to build. There may only be one main foundation to construct or several foundations. Either way, the entire project involves the coordination of many different professional disciplines, all of which must work together in harmony to achieve the objective of the construction project. One of these disciplines, the civil engineering staff is typically responsible for the ground works portion of the construction project. This includes the planning, design and implementation of the necessary foundation elements, including footing, slab, pier, columns, footings, foundations, walls, concrete slab, structural steel and piers.Check out this website at more info about moving.

Drains are an important part of any construction project. A qualified construction project engineer must create a drainage plan and ensure that all bases and footings are properly supported to prevent flooding. In addition, the engineer must create a drainage tile or pour and submit to adequately control soil pressure, grading, slope, banks and other obstacles. All of these Drain Tiles and Pour mixes (or submixtures) must be carefully selected for local conditions before construction begins to avoid unwanted variations during the construction project.

The purpose of a groundworks investigation at to find out about the general site condition, to identify any limitations and to determine the foundation, footings, walls and other structures needed to support the building structure. For buildings constructed without any type of foundation, the principal focus of a groundworks investigation is usually confined to inspecting the interior, where the foundation walls and floor slab are often inspected for cracks, openings, signs of stress cracking and other defects. Some engineers specialize in only one area of foundation engineering such as slab design, while others have a wide range of knowledge. Some engineers are trained only in structural engineering, while others are skilled in both fields. Ground works investigators are required by some states to have a university degree in civil engineering or structural engineering. Most state agencies require an engineering degree in order to work as a ground works specialist.

Concrete and strip foundations require different methods of excavation including trench fill foundations, excavation by crane, and flexible toe. Most concrete forms do not require trench fill foundations because they can self-dig just like parking lots. However, strip foundations are required to have a sufficient length of excavation around each corner to hold the strip that will be placed on top of the ground. The typical excavation time for strip foundations is about 4 feet, but can vary depending on the situation.

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